Monday, October 24, 2016

MyFavMusic: Just listened to the "Muddy Waters At Newport 1960 (Live)" album by Muddy Waters. Added a FAV track to my "BLUES FAVS - 1000 Recordings" playlist on Spotify

Fav track from album: Baby, Please Don’t Go - Live At Newport Jazz Festival/1960
By Muddy Waters
From the album Muddy Waters At Newport 1960 (Live)

Added to BLUES FAVS - 1000 Recordings playlist by William Hart on October 24, 2016 at 02:04PM

See info on 1000 Recordings

Listen on Spotify

My musical interests on Tumblr

Thursday, October 20, 2016

MassMedia: Visual Media: Ideological Criticism: How to Do Ideological Criticism (W9-P3) Fa16

How to Do Ideological Criticism (according to Foss)

“The primary goal of the ideological critic is to discover and make visible the dominant ideology or ideologies embedded in an artifact and ideologies that are being muted in it” (Foss, p. 295-296).

  • Step 1: Formulate RQs
    • What is the ideology embodied in this artifact?
    • What are the implication of this ideology?
    • What are the alternative ideologies not expressed?
    • Are there aspects of the artifact that support emancipation? Etc.
  • Step 2: Select Unit of Analysis
    • What specific aspect(s) of the artifact/text will you focus on?
  • Step 3: Analyzing the Artifact
    • Identification of Nature of Ideology
      • What does the artifact ask the audience to believe, understand, feel or think about?
      • What are the arguments made in the artifact?
      • What is seen as good or valued?
      • What ideologies are hidden?
    • Identification of Interests Included
      • What is the power structure and what groups are supported?
    • Identification of Strategies in Support of Ideology
      • How does the rhetoric legitimize the ideology and interests of some groups over others?
      • How exactly is the dominant ideology supported?
      • How exactly are alternative ideologies hidden?

Source: Rhetorical Criticism: Exploration and Practice

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MassMedia: Visual Media: Ideological Criticism: Basic Concepts (W9-P2) Fa16

We all, more than likely, watch a lot of film and TV.  How much do we carefully think about what we watch?  What are ways of analyzing, critiquing and better understanding these texts? One means of analyzing a film or TV program is to do an ideological critique of it.

What is ideological criticism? How do you do an ideological critique of a film or television series?

Ideological Criticism:

For our purposes here, ideological criticism is a particular type of rhetorical criticism.

Previously, we've gotten an idea of what rhetorical criticism is.  So, what is ideological criticism?  What is an ideology?

  • “A system of shared meaning that represents the world for us; it gives us a common picture of of reality” (p. 296).
  • “A pattern or set of ideas, assumptions, beliefs, values, or interpretations of the world by which a culture or group operates” (Foss, p. 291).
An ideology is a characteristic of a group.  Groups have ideologies that individuals in those groups follow.  In a diverse society with many different groups, it is typically the ideology of the dominant group that is promoted in that society.

So, an ideology shapes the way we see the world, what we pay attention to and what we do not.

What purpose does an ideology serve?  Where does an ideology come from?

And now to some related terms.

1. Hegemony:
  • “the process by which a social order remains stable by generating consent to its parameters through the production and distribution of ideological texts that define social reality for the majority of the people.” (from Rybacki & Rybacki, Oprah article)
What are these ideological texts?  Books, newspapers, web sites, political speeches, movies, etc.

So, these media texts develop in us an ideological perspective?  They tell us how we should think?  How we should view the world?

2. False consciousness:
  • “a failure to recognize the instruments of one's oppression or exploitation as one's own creation, as when members of an oppressed class unwittingly adopt views of the oppressor class” (American Heritage Dictionary).
So, there are somethings that we may not be aware of, we don't see?
So, we can live in a dominant ideology and be blind to other ways of seeing?

With these above concepts in mind, let's look at ideological criticism. Ideological criticism is a means of bringing often overlooked ideologies out into the light for all to see.

The Basic Argument of Ideological Criticism
  1. “When an ideology becomes hegemonic in a culture, certain interests or groups are served by it more than others – it represents the perspective of some groups more than others” (Foss, p. 294).
  2. “When an ideology becomes hegemonic through a process of accord and consent, it accumulates ‘the symbolic power to map or classify the world for others…’ It invites ‘us to understand the world in certain ways, but not in others’” (Foss, p. 295).
  3. “To maintain a position of dominance, a hegemonic ideology must be constructed, renewed, reinforced, and defended continually through the use of rhetorical strategies and practices” (Foss, p. 295).
How is the hegemonic ideology maintained? Who? With what?  Those of us in the media, are we responsible?

What film or television series would you do an ideological critique of and why?

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